The difference between muffler and exhaust simply is that the muffler is a part of the exhaust system and it is located at the exhaust pipe tail. The silencer also called the muffler does the job of the keeping the engine noise down.
It also makes it possible for the engine to take in the right amount of oxygen needed to burn fuel and produce power. The exhaust controls fuel management through oxygen intake measured by the sensor allowed by the muffler.
When there is a leak in the exhaust system then there would be more oxygen intake by the exhaust. If the oxygen sensor senses more oxygen intake in the system then it require more fuel or gasoline to burn the excess oxygen. Now lets see the difference between the muffler and the exhaust in an elaborated sense
Function of Exhaust/Importance of the Exhaust
Pips are the major components of the exhaust system it self in the car. These pips does the job of guiding harmful gases produced in the combustion chamber.
The exhaust also make sure that the toxic gases are not sucked into the vehicle’s air cabin. If these gases by any means suck into the vehicle’s air cabin in high concentration, it can lead to death of the vehicle’s occupants.
Read Also:- What Problems Can an Exhaust Leak Cause?
Simple explanation of how the exhaust works is that exhaust manifold collects the gas and directs it to the piping and finally release the environmentally-friendly exhaust gas into the muffler. Below is a better step by step explanation of how it works
- Exhaust Manifold collects the gas
- Directs the gas out of the engine
- Then the exhaust leads the gas out through the piping
- The catalytic converter breaks down the toxic gases into less harmful compounds
- Piping directs this relatively environmentally-friendly exhaust gas into the muffler
Above is a breakdown of the full functions and importance of the exhaust. The exhaust is a very very important component of the exhaust system.
Function of Muffler/Importance of the Muffler
The muffler on the other hand, does the job of transmitting the exhaust gas outside the vehicle. It also suppress the engine noise thereby allow the engine to run while producing lesser sound.
The sound effect of the muffler varies from car to car depending on the model and specific design made for it. So this means that a muffler design made for a Dutch Durango might not work for a Mercedes Class.
The silencer suppresses the noise through chambers, partitions and tubes. The muffler can act as a cushion to absorb the noise or chamber to reduce high-pitched frequencies. Finally, the gases are released into the atmosphere through the tail pipe.
The Components of the Exhaust System
- Exhaust Manifold
The exhaust manifold collects the exhaust from each cylinder and combines it into one pipe. This is more like a junction in which the exhaust pips from the rear part of the engine meet then lead to the exit.
- Oxygen Sensor
Mounted on the exhaust manifold, the oxygen sensor measures how much oxygen is present in the exhaust and adds or subtracts fuel based on this measurement. This is why when there a leak in the exhaust system, the oxygen sensor will notice it and the system will require more fuel to burn the excess oxygen.
- Catalytic Converter
The catalytic converter converts the harmful gases released from your engine into water vapour and carbon dioxide. The toxic gases when collected by the catalytic converter is then channeled into the exhaust then released out side.
The muffler quiets the exhaust as it escapes your vehicle. It’s very easy to spot a car with a faulty muffler – you’ll hear it coming from a mile away!
Exhaust Pipe: The exhaust pipe connects all the parts listed above and carries the gases along their journey through the exhaust system.
Which is better straight pipe or muffler?
This depends on personal interest and motive behind the exhaust modification. For a drag racer, it is obvious that car’s weight is a very important factor.
If you are trying to avoid too much weight then the straight pipe is the best choice for a better performance. A straight pipe provides a better fuel economy.
By removing the a straight pipe exhaust weighs much less than the original exhaust. Better fuel economy: A lot of people don’t know that by removing the mufflers and catalytic converter, the engine will create less backpressure. This means that you will get a lower fuel consumption with a straight pipe exhaust.